established in the world a great tradition of dignified fair dealing and
created a society more free from wide spread cruelty and social oppression
than any society had been in the world before”._H.G. Wells (1866-1946)
An Overview of the Science
Sunnah and Evolution of
By Shah Nawaz Khan, Editor
Weekly PakLink edgiest
Overview and Links to different
-This day have I perfected your religion for you and completed My favour
unto you, and have chosen for you as religion al-Islam. - -
of Islamic doctrine
Sunnah, Sharia', Fiqah and Hadith, Different Schools of Thought
Primary source of Sunnah
Caliph Mansur's attempt to prescribe uniform code, Imam Malik's views
4. Bigotry and
Dogmatism paves the way for Division of Ummah
Sharia’h and Differences of Opinions
and Modern courts, Blasphemy, Hudood Ordinance
7.Justice to Everyone
Resolving differences of opinion and Beliefs, Ijtehad and Role of Parliament.
equality of man; and the belief that religious duties include in
doing justice, loving mercy, and living in peace are the basic tenets of
Preface: In different
Internet forums heated debates have been going on about Sharia, Sunnah
and Hadiths. A small group contends that Sharia is outdated and we
are not required to follow Hadiths in the modern times and Quran alone
is sufficient. On the other hand the majority believes that we must adhere
to Sunnah devotedly. These briefs have been prepared on the
basis of different thoughts expressed on the subject and study of different
articles and books and predominant views have been summarized.
There is more than one reason
for my interest in Islamic studies. My cousin late Mohammad Ismail Shaheedi
was very fond of Islamic philosophy and we used to have weekly sessions
about ‘tassawuf’ in which my father who was principle of Karachi Academy
and his friends also participated. Those discussions and the writings of
such great scholars as Ghazali have left lasting impressions and
I found myself better equipped to deal with the problems of life.
During my studies for examinations
of Chartered Insurance Institute (London) and my long career in life insurance
from the middle to the highest echelons of management, a question often
asked was “Is Insurance prohibited by Islam?” Insurance companies had gathered
fatwas of some eminent Ulemas (scholars of Islam) and quotations of such
prominent personalities as Allama Iqbal, Sir. Sultan Mohammad Agha Khan,
Liaquat Ali Khan etc. favoring Insurance that were published in different
leaflets for use of Insurance agents. On the other hand from time to time
articles and books were also published containing fatwas and declaring
Interest and insurance as ‘haram’ and the impressions that I gathered was
that those writings were based on faulty comprehension of Insurance and
President General Zialul Haque
had constituted Islamic Ideological Council, which inter alia, intended
to formulate recommendations about Insurance during the decade of 1980.
I was nominated by the Chairman, State Life Insurance Corporation of Pakistan
as a member of the Management team to deal with the questions raised by
Islamic Ideological Council and to hold discussion with them. That meant
to be involved in deeper study of Islamic ideals and scanning various books
for proper understanding of the basic concepts, practices and their rationale.
Indeed Islam is a simple and perfect religion but Islamic philosophy is
very vast and fascinating subject and I feel I have not even scratched
its surface. But if these briefs help broaden understanding of Islam as
a perfect religion, their purpose would be served.
Comments and suggestion to improve
this paper would be most welcome and may be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org
May Allah forgive us if we have
made any mistake in giving account of the evolution of Sharia and science
We have made (this Scripture) easy in thy language only that they may heed.
ye who believe! Guard your own souls: If ye follow (right) guidance, no
hurt can come to you from those who stray. the goal of you all is to Allah:
it is He that will show you the truth of all that ye do.
Literally the word 'Islam'
signifies submission to the will of God almighty. Metaphorically Islam
is referred to as the religion of truth. According to Holy Quran Islam
is the same
religion that God Almighty
had enjoined on Noah, Abraham, Moses and Isa (Jesus) and other prophets
According to Holy Quran Islam is the same
religion that God Almighty had enjoined on Noah, Abraham, Moses and Isa
(Jesus) and other prophets before them but Allah has perfected it and made
it easy to follow.
Holy Quern shows us that, because of moral
weakness of mankind, God sent prophets to teach both individuals and nations
correct moral and spiritual standards and values. As the messages of all
prophets emanate from the same divine source, religions are basically one.
All prophets are the perfect examplers for humanity. And Muhammad (sws)
was the last and final prophet and that the Quran is the final and perfect
revelation of God, consummating and superseding all earlier revelations
like Torah and Bible.
In number of verses of Holy Quran we are
told to follow the teachings and advice of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sws)
and to ponder over the nature and acquire knowledge, use reason in judgment
and do justice to everyone without exception. But it is a sad fact is that
the Ummah is divided in different sects who have adopted different practices
and Fiqahs and interpret the Holy Quran and Hadith in different shades
of meaning. Few scholars like Maulana Amin Ahsan Islahi have tried
to bridge the gap. His work was translated in English and published
in 1977 by
S. A. Rauf under the title "Islamic Law
– Concept and Codification"
The foreword written by Mohammad Afzal
Supreme Court of Pakistan and an
excerpt from his foreword
is given below:
"Realizing the harm done by a rigid approach
blind adherence to the juristic doctrine
of only one of the famous
jurists, the Maulana has strongly advocated
the need for resolving juristic diversities
and conflict through
a critical choice of a view in determining
in a spirit of intellectual freedom its proximity to and closer harmony
with the foundational principles. In this context, it would not be out
of place to refer to his other book "Resolution of Juristic Difference"
which too should be advantageously translated in English."
It is hoped more scholars and writers would
come forward and help fulfill the dream of unity of Ummah.
Continued on next
ye who believe! Believe in Allah and His Messenger, and the scripture which
He hath sent to His Messenger
the scripture which He sent to those before (him). Any who denieth Allah,
His angels, His Books, His Messengers, and the Day of Judgment, hath gone
far, far astray.
is not opposed to modernism and multiculturalism